Judo is the original kind of traditional Japanese wrestling that later evolved and became norms and principles, in the 1880s, when Dr. “Jiguru Kano” by establishing these rules and principles added to Judo many ethical, physical and intellectual methods as well, abolished all movements that may cause harm to its practitioners, and prepares Dr. “Jiguru Kano” was the first to open a specialized school for Judo sport in 1882, and it is worth mentioning that the meaning of the word “Judo” in Japan is the style or soft way.
History of Judo
The advent of Judo coincides with Jujitsu in Japan, where Samurai, a class of Japanese society, developed the sport and made it a very popular sport at the time. They taught the sport’s methods, which amounted to about 700 techniques at the beginning of the nineteenth century. and nearly 5 decades later, with the spread of capitalism and the evolution of the industrialization movement, there have been radical changes in the values and customs of Japanese society, leading to the extinction of Samurai s interest in this type of activity, such as Jujitsu and others, and society has begun to pay more attention to State affairs, resulting in the decline of Jujitsu schools and other martial arts. Judo was adopted as a physical education in schools in 1919, and in 1936 Kano organized the first national championship, and Kano attended the Olympic Games.
Japanese Judo was an expression of weapon-free combat tactics. Now, it is regarded primarily as a type of sport, and the sport has complex sports rules whose main objective is to control the opponent without causing harm to him. by squeezing the joints of the neck or arm with the aim of weakening and completely controlling the opponent, The outfit used in this sport is white cloth pants and a loose jacket, and it has “Jiguru” by preserving the classic techniques of jiu-jitsu in Judo sport, and Judo associations were established in the countries of the International Judo Federation.
The men’s Judo competitions were held for the first time in 1964 at the Tokyo Olympic Games, and have been held regularly since 1972, and in 1980 the World Judo Women’s Championships began, the Women’s Olympics were held in 1992, and the strongest Japanese, French, Korean, British and German teams participated in the Olympics permanently. “Jiguru” created Judo based on a cooperative and safe style of sports education, where sports practitioners spend a long time learning how to safely fall to the ground, as well as helping the controlling person in the sport to safely fall to the ground.
There are many laws and rules that need to be observed and followed when starting Judo, as follows:
1- Judo Salute
– At the beginning of the game, before the players stand on the playing field, they each pay judo tribute, greeting by lapping legs and forming feet in the shape of number 7, placing hands on the offenders and then bending.
– Each player stands in position and greets the other party involved in the game so that they are two meters away from each other.
– The two players greet each other, and the referee, after the game is over and the crowd can be greeted.
2- Play Area
– The play area is covered with a custom 2-meters-long, 1-meter-wide rug to absorb the shock and protect each player from the blows and bruises they may inflict during play.
– The playing area has a maximum area of 16 × 16 m, and a minimum 14 × 14 m.
– The play area is divided into two zones: the primary play area with a maximum area of 10 × 10 m and a minimum 8 × 8 m, and the danger area surrounding the primary play area.
– The game is stopped when a player exits the primary playing area.
3- Uniform “Suit”
– Made from cotton or any similar material, each player wears a different color, one may wear white and the other blue, and women are allowed to wear a white blouse, short-sleeved and long under the suit.
– The belt and its attachment method: it is about 4.5 cm wide, is made from a durable material that is non-ripping or cutting, and is strictly forbidden to remove the Judo belt from the middle of the players in the middle of the match; So it’s tied and installed well before you start playing.
– Point, this point is calculated when the opponent is dropped to the ground, pinned to the ground for 25 seconds, a player surrendered, one got a package, the doctor entered one of them more than three times because of his injury, or one of them received half a point twice.
– Half a point, calculated if the opponent is installed on the ground for less than 25 seconds, or when the player takes three alarms in the same game.
– Quarter points, calculated if the opponent is installed on the ground for less than 20 seconds, or when the player takes two warnings.
– One eighth of a point, calculated when the opponent is installed on the ground for less than 15 seconds, or when the player takes one warning.
The duration of the Judo match for men aged 20 or over is up to five minutes while women and young people play for four minutes per game, if game time ends and none of the players win, five minutes are added to the game, and if the win is not decided in the extra minutes, the referee will recommend the winner by consulting with each other and selecting the player who was more offensive and in control of his opponent.
Judo has three referees, one of whom is on the rug with the players, and the rest are the judges and are at the angles of the play area to monitor the game and the performance of each of the players.
Dekkh and Judo
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